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Study: Enhancing brain functioning, and preventing cognitive decline, via diet, exercise and cognitive training

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Healthy eat­ing, exer­cise, and brain-train­ing pro­gram results in slow­er men­tal decline for old­er peo­ple (Sci­ence Dai­ly):

A com­pre­hen­sive pro­gram pro­vid­ing old­er peo­ple at risk of demen­tia with healthy eat­ing guid­ance, exer­cise, brain train­ing, and man­age­ment of meta­bol­ic and vas­cu­lar risk fac­tors appears to slow down cog­ni­tive decline, accord­ing to the first ever ran­domised con­trolled tri­al of its kind, pub­lished in The Lancet.

After two years, study par­tic­i­pants’ men­tal func­tion was scored using a stan­dard test, the Neu­ropsy­cho­log­i­cal Test Bat­tery (NTB), where a high­er score cor­re­sponds to bet­ter men­tal func­tion­ing. Over­all test scores in the inter­ven­tion group were 25% high­er than in the con­trol group. For some parts of the test, the dif­fer­ence between groups was even more strik­ing — for exec­u­tive func­tion­ing (the brain’s abil­i­ty to organ­ise and reg­u­late thought process­es) scores were 83% high­er in the inter­ven­tion group, and pro­cess­ing speed was 150% high­er.”

Study: A 2 year mul­tido­main inter­ven­tion of diet, exer­cise, cog­ni­tive train­ing, and vas­cu­lar risk mon­i­tor­ing ver­sus con­trol to pre­vent cog­ni­tive decline in at-risk elder­ly peo­ple (FINGER): a ran­domised con­trolled tri­al (The Lancet)

  • Back­ground: Mod­i­fi­able vas­cu­lar and lifestyle-relat­ed risk fac­tors have been asso­ci­at­ed with demen­tia risk in obser­va­tion­al stud­ies. In the Finnish Geri­atric Inter­ven­tion Study to Pre­vent Cog­ni­tive Impair­ment and Dis­abil­i­ty (FINGER), a proof-of-con­cept ran­domised con­trolled tri­al, we aimed to assess a mul­tido­main approach to pre­vent cog­ni­tive decline in at-risk elder­ly peo­ple from the gen­er­al pop­u­la­tion.
  • Find­ings: Find­ings from this large, long-term, ran­domised con­trolled tri­al sug­gest that a mul­tido­main inter­ven­tion could improve or main­tain cog­ni­tive func­tion­ing in at-risk elder­ly peo­ple from the gen­er­al pop­u­la­tion.

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Categories: Cognitive Neuroscience, Education & Lifelong Learning, Health & Wellness

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As seen in The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, BBC News, CNN, Reuters and more, SharpBrains is an independent market research firm tracking health and performance applications of brain science.

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