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Study: Emerging brain computer interface can monitor and train attention in unmedicated ADHD children

Train­ing pro­gram improved inat­ten­tive symp­toms in chil­dren with ADHD (Healio Pedi­atrics):

An 8‑week inter­ven­tion with a brain-com­put­er inter­face-based atten­tion train­ing pro­gram sig­nif­i­cant­ly improved inat­ten­tive symp­toms asso­ci­at­ed with atten­tion-deficit/hy­per­ac­tiv­i­ty dis­or­der in chil­dren aged 6 to 12 years, accord­ing to recent study results…“In our first study, we found that inter­ven­tion with a train­ing pro­gram involv­ing the [brain-com­put­er interface]-based atten­tion train­ing game sys­tem improved par­ent-report­ed inat­ten­tive symp­toms,” Lim and col­leagues said…“Since then, we have devel­oped a new ver­sion of the device that is sim­ple, uses dry EEG elec­trodes and is con­nect­ed by Blue­tooth to the com­put­er. A new game that could be cal­i­brat­ed based on the per­for­mance of the child was also devel­oped. In addi­tion, it was impor­tant to under­stand who would be the right can­di­dates to ben­e­fit from this approach.”

Study: A Brain-Com­put­er Inter­face Based Atten­tion Train­ing Pro­gram for Treat­ing Atten­tion Deficit Hyper­ac­tiv­i­ty Dis­or­der (PLOS ONE)

  • Abstract: Atten­tion deficit hyper­ac­tiv­i­ty dis­or­der (ADHD) symp­toms can be dif­fi­cult to treat. We pre­vi­ous­ly report­ed that a 20-ses­sion brain-com­put­er inter­face (BCI) atten­tion train­ing pro­gramme improved ADHD symp­toms. Here, we inves­ti­gat­ed a new more inten­sive BCI-based atten­tion train­ing game sys­tem on 20 unmed­icat­ed ADHD chil­dren (16 males, 4 females) with sig­nif­i­cant inat­ten­tive symp­toms (com­bined and inat­ten­tive ADHD sub­types). This new sys­tem mon­i­tored atten­tion through a head band with dry EEG sen­sors, which was used to dri­ve a feed for­ward game. The sys­tem was cal­i­brat­ed for each user by mea­sur­ing the EEG para­me­ters dur­ing a Stroop task. Treat­ment con­sist­ed of an 8‑week train­ing com­pris­ing 24 ses­sions fol­lowed by 3 once-month­ly boost­er train­ing ses­sions. Fol­low­ing inter­ven­tion, both par­ent-rat­ed inat­ten­tive and hyper­ac­tive-impul­sive symp­toms on the ADHD Rat­ing Scale showed sig­nif­i­cant improve­ment…
  • Con­clu­sion: Brain com­put­er inter­face based atten­tion train­ing game can be a poten­tial new treat­ment for ADHD. A ran­dom­ized con­trolled tri­al to study the effi­ca­cy of this inter­ven­tion and the neur­al mech­a­nisms under­ly­ing the behav­ioral improve­ments is cur­rent­ly under­way. It rep­re­sents a nov­el treat­ment modal­i­ty for ADHD, which not only has the poten­tial for being used in com­bi­na­tion with present evi­dence-based treat­ment, but also unique­ly in a non-clin­i­cal set­ting.

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Categories: Attention and ADD/ADHD, Health & Wellness, Technology

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As seen in The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, BBC News, CNN, Reuters,  SharpBrains is an independent market research firm tracking how brain science can improve our health and our lives.

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