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Studies reinforce the critical importance of ADHD treatment monitoring

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As the new school year approaches, let me highlight the essential value of ADHD treatment monitoring. Even when a child’s treatment has been going well, response to treatment can change over time. This is true for medication treatment, or any other treatment a child is receiving. By regularly monitoring how a child is doing at school, parents and professionals are alerted Read the rest of this entry »

5 Must-Read Articles, and an Online Course, to Help Children with ADHD

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— Dr. David Rabiner, Research Professor in the Department of Psychology and Neuroscience at Duke Uni­ver­sity and founder of the Atten­tion Research Update.

Given the ongoing changes and controversies surrounding ADHD diagnosis and treatment, let us highlight 5 key articles written by Duke University’s Dr. David Rabiner to summarize recent scientific findings and their implications, plus a very relevant online course to help parents and professionals help children with ADHD.

1. Study finds large gaps between research and practice in ADHD diagnosis and treatment

  • Key insight: Evidence-based guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics on the evaluation and treatment of ADHD are frequently not followed. Many children are diagnosed with ADHD in the absence of clearly meeting DSM diagnostic criteria, and behavioral treatment is rarely recommended.
  • Key data point: Pediatricians prescribed ADHD medication to roughly 93% of youth diagnosed with ADHD. Documentation that behavioral treatment was recommended, however, was present in only 13% of the charts.

Read the rest of this entry »

Study shows why children with ADHD should be reevaluated each year: Attention problems perceived by teachers are far less stable than we imagine

While the study below was published a few years ago, it makes an important point that I think is worth revisiting.

In the study, published in the Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, my colleagues and I looked at how frequently teacher ratings of inattentive symptoms persist in children from one grade to the next. We felt this was an important issue to examine because recognition that ADHD is often a chronic condition can obscure the fact that attention problems do not always reflect an enduring child characteristic, and that important changes are possible when children move to a new classroom.

As you will see below, clinically-elevated attention problems as perceived by teachers are less stable than you may have imagined. Read the rest of this entry »

Study: Rates of ADHD diagnosis and medication treatment continue to increase substantially

Beginning in about 1990, substantial increases in the rates of ADHD diagnosis and medical treatment were found in several nationally representative samples of US physician office visits. For example, between 1995-96 and 2007-08, the number of office visits at which an ADHD diagnosis was made increased by over 400% in adults – from 3.1 per 1000 visits to 14.5 per 1000 visits. And, the percent of adult office visits including both ADHD diagnosis and medication increased from 1.9 to 11.4 per 1000 visits.

Among children aged 5 to 18, between 1991-92 and 2008-09, rates of ADHD diagnosis increased nearly 4-fold among boys – from 39.5 to 144.6 per 1000 – and nearly 6-fold for girls – from 12.3 and 68.5 per 1000 visits. During this time, the rate of visits that also involved medication treatment increased by similar rates. Read the rest of this entry »

Update: Study Debunks Four Common Myths About Brain Training and Lifelong Cognitive Enhancement

Time for a new edition of SharpBrains’ e-newsletter exploring the latest in brain health.

New research:

New thinking:

New tools:

 

Finally, if you’re looking for some extra mental stimulation, don’t forget to check out our Top 25 Brain Teasers, Games and Illusions.

Have a great month of March!

The SharpBrains Team

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