How can I improve concentration and memory?

Attention–or con­cen­tra­tion– and mem­o­ry are two crit­i­cal men­tal skills and are direct­ly relat­ed. In fact, many mem­o­ry com­plaints have noth­ing to do with the actu­al abil­i­ty to remem­ber things. They come from a fail­ure to focus prop­er­ly on the task at hand.

Take the exam­ple of not remem­ber­ing where you parked your car after shop­ping at the mall… It is like­ly that you did not pay much atten­tion to where you parked the car in the first place, thus leav­ing your brain with few oppor­tu­ni­ties to reg­is­ter any infor­ma­tion that could be recalled lat­er to help you find your car. The same rea­son­ing goes for not remem­ber­ing where we put our glasses!

Many of our actions are per­formed auto­mat­i­cal­ly. By oppo­si­tion, focus­ing atten­tion is effort­ful. As you know, with age the brain needs more time to process infor­ma­tion.  Along with speed of pro­cess­ing, oth­er brain func­tions decline. A cru­cial one is the abil­i­ty to focus and ignore distraction.

As we age it thus get hard­er and hard­er to pay atten­tion. But focus­ing our atten­tion on the task at hand is key for bet­ter mem­o­ry per­for­mance. What can we do then to improve con­cen­tra­tion and memory?

One gen­er­al solu­tion is to keep the brain healthy. This can be done by adher­ing to the main pil­lars of brain health and main­te­nance: bal­anced diet, phys­i­cal exer­cise, cog­ni­tive stim­u­la­tion, stress man­age­ment, and social engage­ment.

How to improve concentration

  • Focus on the task at hand: If talk­ing with some­one: ask ques­tions; if read­ing a book or a report: ask your­self how you would sum­ma­rize what you just read to a friend or to your boss.
  • In gen­er­al, avoid and/or elim­i­nate dis­trac­tions. Tune out every­thing else. The hard­er the task, the more impor­tant it is to tune out distractions.
  • Do not try to dou­ble-task, this will increase your errors and divide your atten­tion. Atten­tion is lim­it­ed. When you try to do sev­er­al things at once, you nec­es­sar­i­ly have to divide your atten­tion and thus con­cen­trate less on each indi­vid­ual tasks.Improve Concentration through Meditation
  • Use med­i­ta­tion. Sev­er­al stud­ies have shown that med­i­ta­tion can be a good brain train­ing tool that affects espe­cial­ly atten­tion­al / con­cen­tra­tion skills.

How to improve memory

  • Pay atten­tion and con­cen­trate! (see above)
  • Relate to the infor­ma­tion you are learn­ing. The more per­son­al the infor­ma­tion becomes, the eas­i­er it is to remem­ber it. Ask your­self how it makes you feel. Ask your­self where else you have heard this. Ask your­self whether there is some­thing in your per­son­al life relat­ed to this piece of information.
  • Repeat the infor­ma­tion: Come back to it more than one time. This has been found in tons of stud­ies: repeat­ed infor­ma­tion is eas­i­er to recall. Spaced retrieval (a method with which a per­son is cued to recall a piece of infor­ma­tion at dif­fer­ent inter­vals) is one of the rare meth­ods that show some results with Alzheimer’s patients.
  • Elab­o­rate on the infor­ma­tion: think about it. Things that are con­crete and have a clear mean­ing are eas­i­er to remem­ber than abstract and vague ones. Try­ing to attach mean­ing to the infor­ma­tion you are try­ing to mem­o­rize will make it eas­i­er to recall lat­er. Your brain will have more cues to look for. For instance, try to pic­ture the infor­ma­tion in your head. Pic­tures are much eas­i­er to mem­o­rize than words. To remem­ber fig­ures and per­cent­ages it is much eas­i­er to pic­ture these in a graph for instance. Relate the infor­ma­tion to some­thing you know already.

Keep read­ing…


  1. D on May 6, 2007 at 7:01

    i like what u have 2 say..i orig­i­nal­ly went search­ing for brain kines­thet­ics and came accross your info..glad i did.thanks

  2. Caroline on May 7, 2007 at 9:47

    D — Glad you are enjoy­ing the site! We always love to hear how we’re doing — let us know your thoughts as you keep exploring.

  3. Dave on October 12, 2007 at 5:24

    Thanks for the tips. I’m look­ing for spe­cif­ic exer­cis­es that I can do to improve con­cen­tra­tion and mem­o­ry. I am going to try mem­o­riz­ing por­tions of scrip­ture. That has helped in the past a lot. Also, have you heard any­thing about clap­ping one’s hands to a metronome to improve con­cen­tra­tion? I heard about it once, but am not sure of the specifics. Thanks!

  4. how to improve concentration in studies on March 15, 2008 at 2:51

    Hi Dave, I found this too very help­ful. See if that helps you too:

  5. Hans Ruecker on March 19, 2008 at 2:56

    Helps me a lot.

  6. blau augen on March 23, 2008 at 11:22

    I for­got what I just read O.o lol ^^

  7. Adam Roberts on June 10, 2008 at 3:45

    I think being focused and atten­tive is some­thing thats required, but we’re not nec­es­sar­i­ly taught. Its impor­tant to try to watch your thoughts and sus­tain your thoughts for as long as need­ed. I’ve found that med­i­ta­tion and a good diet works well in order to aid focus and over­all cog­ni­tive func­tion­ing. Hope this helps.

  8. ombogadennis on July 4, 2008 at 4:02

    thank you for your inspir­ing hints on how to improve my memory

  9. W. R. Klemm on April 4, 2009 at 8:08

    I blog on mem­o­ry reseasrch ( and I ran across papers that show peo­ple are more dis­tractible as they age. Most old­er peo­ple (I am one) have to work hard­er to pay attention.

  10. Kevin on November 15, 2009 at 4:28

    All makes sense being an old­er stu­dent myself (47) :0 . this will help me retake my 3rd year under grad­u­ate stud­ies again with a bet­ter under­stand­ing and more con­fi­dence, improv­ing concentration.

  11. Lixia Zhang on November 15, 2009 at 8:55

    Thanks Q&A for tips of improv­ing con­cen­tra­tion and mem­o­ry. I think they will be much helpul to my prepa­ra­tion for TOEFL. I’m great­ly inspired to improve my listening.

  12. M. Klemes on November 16, 2009 at 8:18

    I found that study­ing some­thing on 2 dif­fer­ent days (1 day between them to study some oth­er sub­ject) helped a lot in all my under­grad and grad­u­ate stud­ies, as long as I stud­ied seri­ous­ly both times. Inter­leav­ing the study days this way worked for me even as an old­er stu­dent (Ph.D., enginer­ing). No dis­trac­tions, of course!

    Marek K.

  13. kenbull on November 17, 2009 at 6:58

    I found read­ing dif­fi­cult some­times because i nor­mal­ly expe­ri­ence headache due to hav­ing dif­fer­ent thoughts most cas­es but now things have improve.

About SharpBrains

SHARPBRAINS is an independent think-tank and consulting firm providing services at the frontier of applied neuroscience, health, leadership and innovation.
SHARPBRAINS es un think-tank y consultoría independiente proporcionando servicios para la neurociencia aplicada, salud, liderazgo e innovación.

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