Sharp Brains: Brain Fitness and Cognitive Health News

Neuroplasticity, Brain Fitness and Cognitive Health News

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Neuroimaging study finds significant changes in brain structure during long-duration space flight

Before (Pan­el A) and After (Pan­el B) long term space flight. Cred­it: The New Eng­land Jour­nal of Med­i­cine.

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MRI reveals brain changes dur­ing space mis­sions (Med­ical Physics):

Astro­nauts liv­ing and work­ing in space will expe­ri­ence the detri­men­tal effects of micro­grav­i­ty on the human body. Astro­nauts aboard the Inter­na­tion­al Space Sta­tion, for exam­ple, have expe­ri­enced altered vision and increased pres­sure inside their heads, symp­toms termed as Read the rest of this entry »

Next: Brain scans to identify children at high risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS) before symptoms appear

White arrows indi­cate abnor­mal­i­ties on MRI brain scans in chil­dren with no symp­toms of mul­ti­ple scle­ro­sis.

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MS risk in chil­dren spot­ted with MRI brain scans (Yale News):

By the time mul­ti­ple scle­ro­sis (MS) is diag­nosed in chil­dren, it may be dif­fi­cult to pre­vent the dis­abil­i­ties and relaps­es that come with the dis­ease. In a new Yale School of Med­i­cine study, researchers exam­ined MRI brain scans to iden­ti­fy chil­dren at high risk of devel­op­ing MS before symp­toms appear, which Read the rest of this entry »

Study identifies brain circuits enabling four-year-olds to “put themselves in other people’s shoes”

Thanks to a crit­i­cal fibre con­nec­tion in the brain (green), four-year-old kids can start to under­stand what oth­er peo­ple think. Cour­tesy of Max Planck Insti­tute.

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A remark­able mile­stone occurs in chil­dren around their fourth birth­days: They learn that oth­er peo­ple can have dif­fer­ent thoughts than they do. A recent study is the first to exam­ine the spe­cif­ic brain changes asso­ci­at­ed with this devel­op­men­tal break­through. Read the rest of this entry »

Monitoring and stimulating brain activity to achieve desired brain state: Key Neurotech Patent #10

brain state

– Illus­tra­tive image from U.S. Patent No. 6,488,617

Today we are shar­ing a 2002 patent describ­ing a sys­tem link­ing brain sig­nal detec­tion to brain stim­u­la­tion tech­niques.

U.S. Patent No. 6,488,617: Method and device for pro­duc­ing a desired brain state

  • Assignee(s): Uni­ver­sal Hedo­nics
  • Inventor(s): Bruce F. Katz
  • Tech­nol­o­gy Cat­e­go­ry: Hybrid
  • Issue Date: Decem­ber 3, 2002

SharpBrains’ Take:

The ‘617 patent describes a sys­tem link­ing brain sig­nal detec­tion to brain stim­u­la­tion tech­niques with the pur­pose of achiev­ing a desired brain state. Read the rest of this entry »

The Mediterranean Diet seen to substantially reduce brain shrinkage among older adults

mediterraneandiet_brain

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Less shrink­age: This is your aging brain on the Mediter­ranean diet (Los Ange­les Times):

The aging brain is a shrink­ing brain, and a shrink­ing brain is, gen­er­al­ly speak­ing, a brain whose per­for­mance and reac­tion time are declin­ing: That is a harsh real­i­ty of grow­ing old­er.

But new research shows that brain shrink­age is less pro­nounced in old­er folks whose diets Read the rest of this entry »

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