Sharp Brains: Brain Fitness and Cognitive Health News

Neuroplasticity, Brain Fitness and Cognitive Health News


On brain development, socioeconomic status and parenting styles

wheelRich Man, Poor Man: Socioe­co­nom­ic Adver­si­ty and Brain Devel­op­ment (Cere­brum):

..While ear­ly expo­sure to addi­tion­al lan­guages or music may lead to ben­e­fi­cial changes in brain devel­op­ment, ear­ly adver­si­ty can like­wise have impor­tant but detri­men­tal effects on the brain. For exam­ple, by 10 years of age, fam­i­ly SES is an excel­lent pre­dic­tor of a child’s cog­ni­tive abil­i­ties: chil­dren from high­er-SES fam­i­lies tend to per­form well above chil­dren from low­er-SES families—regardless of whether those chil­dren had high or low cog­ni­tive abil­i­ties at age two.

Numer­ous fac­tors con­tribute to these SES gaps in cog­ni­tive devel­op­ment: nutri­tion, envi­ron­men­tal tox­ins, home learn­ing envi­ron­ment, expo­sure to stress, and ear­ly schooling…mounting evi­dence sug­gests that socioe­co­nom­ic factors—parental edu­ca­tion or fam­i­ly income—may lead to dif­fer­ences in the home-lan­guage envi­ron­ment or expo­sure to fam­i­ly stress, which in turn have cas­cad­ing effects on the devel­op­ment of brain sys­tems that sup­port crit­i­cal neu­rocog­ni­tive func­tions such as lan­guage, mem­o­ry, and self-reg­u­la­tion…

High­ly edu­cat­ed par­ents invest far more time play­ing with, talk­ing to, and teach­ing their chil­dren, and par­ent­ing style has been cit­ed as the sin­gle most impor­tant fac­tor in explain­ing the SES gap in cog­ni­tive development…social sci­en­tists and neu­ro­sci­en­tists believe that poli­cies that reduce fam­i­ly pover­ty would have mean­ing­ful effects on ear­ly care­giv­ing and reduc­tions in fam­i­ly stress, ulti­mate­ly improv­ing children’s brain func­tion­ing and pro­mot­ing the cog­ni­tive and socio-emo­tion­al devel­op­ment that is so crit­i­cal for chil­dren to suc­ceed and to lead healthy, pro­duc­tive lives.

Leave a Reply...

Loading Facebook Comments ...

Leave a Reply

Categories: Cognitive Neuroscience, Education & Lifelong Learning

Tags: , , , , , , , ,

All Slidedecks & Recordings Available — click image below

Search for anything brain-related in our article archives

About SharpBrains

As seen in The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, BBC News, CNN, Reuters, and more, SharpBrains is an independent market research firm and think tank tracking health and performance applications of brain science.