A fascinating new study, Tversky and Kahneman’s Cognitive Illusions: Who Can Solve Them, and Why?, probes into the cognitive “heuristics and biases” researched by Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky since the late 1960s.
If you have never encountered the “Linda brain teaser” before, please give it a try:
Linda is 31 years old, single, outspoken, and very bright. She majored in philosophy. As a student, she was deeply concerned with issues of discrimination and social justice, and also participated in anti-nuclear demonstrations.
Which statement is more probable?
(a) Linda is a bank teller.
(b) Linda is a bank teller and is active in the feminist movement.