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New study reinforces need for proactive cognitive monitoring after heart surgery

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Heart surgery: Does it impact cog­ni­tive abil­i­ty? (Med­ical News Today):

Almost 8 mil­lion peo­ple in the Unit­ed States under­go car­dio­vas­cu­lar surgery or oth­er relat­ed pro­ce­dures each year.

Thanks to the steady improve­ments made by med­ical sci­ence, the pro­ce­dures are becom­ing ever safer and can give peo­ple a new lease of life.

Aware of improve­ments in phys­i­cal health due to car­dio­vas­cu­lar surgery, sci­en­tists know less about the cog­ni­tive impact of open heart surgery.

A recent study set out to under­stand pre­cise­ly how heart surgery might influ­ence the mind Read the rest of this entry »

Harnessing neurotech for actual Human Enhancement — i.e., how to prevent ‘Frankenstein’ Brains


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The Neu­rotech Rev­o­lu­tion Could Lead To ‘Franken­stein’ Brains. Here’s How We Avoid It (Forbes):

Year 2030, your col­lege-age daugh­ter, who has nor­mal hear­ing, has been pound­ing on you to get the lat­est hear­ing aid that allows one to can­cel out noise on demand, ampli­fy select­ed ambi­ent con­ver­sa­tions at will, and can eas­i­ly con­nect to the music store. Should you buy one for her? Maybe you should buy one not only for her, but also for you as you enter your 60s?

Would you still be inter­est­ed if this device had to be implant­ed in your cochlea via surgery? What if this device is now aug­ment­ed with some AI open­ing the pos­si­bil­i­ty to eave-drop on remote con­ver­sa­tions or get auto­mat­ic trans­la­tion in any lan­guage of the world in real time?…

What are the risks over the ben­e­fits? To what extent are enhance­ments desir­able on a per­son­al and soci­etal lev­els? What if peo­ple that under­go such enhance­ment lose their abil­i­ty to relate to oth­er who have not? If a device can enhance deci­sion-mak­ing, how will the user know that’s it’s tru­ly their deci­sion, in their best inter­est, rather than being manip­u­lat­ed by the device design­ers? Keep read­ing arti­cle over at Forbes

Study: Brain scans mapping language and memory areas can help guide epilepsy-related surgeries

---Language task fMRI and resting-state fMRI data from a presurgical patient with left temporal lobe epilepsy. Copyright Bradley Goodyear, Einat Liebenthal and Victoria Mosher.

—Lan­guage task fMRI and rest­ing-state fMRI data from a presur­gi­cal patient with left tem­po­ral lobe epilep­sy. Copy­right Bradley Goodyear, Einat Lieben­thal and Vic­to­ria Mosh­er.

Can brain scans help doc­tors nav­i­gate epilep­sy surgery? (UPI)

…When med­ica­tion doesn’t effec­tive­ly con­trol epilep­sy, surgery may be rec­om­mend­ed. Doc­tors can remove the part of the brain that trig­gers seizures or use cer­tain pro­ce­dures to con­trol seizure activ­i­ty.

Before surgery, how­ev­er, the brain must be “mapped” to ensure the regions respon­si­ble for lan­guage and mem­o­ry aren’t dam­aged dur­ing Read the rest of this entry »

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