Sharp Brains: Brain Fitness and Cognitive Health News

Neuroplasticity, Brain Fitness and Cognitive Health News


Study: A new psychosocial treatment for Inattentive ADHD

kid brain

Chil­dren with the inat­ten­tive type of ADHD (ADHD-I) show high rates of atten­tion dif­fi­cul­ties with­out the hyper­ac­tive and impul­sive behav­ior shown by chil­dren with ADHD Com­bined Type (ADHD-C). The inat­ten­tive type of ADHD is quite com­mon and is asso­ci­at­ed with sig­nif­i­cant impair­ment with school work, plan­ning and orga­ni­za­tion­al skills, pro­cess­ing speed, and peer rela­tions. Even so, chil­dren with ADHD-I tend to be iden­ti­fied lat­er than Read the rest of this entry »

Is ADHD overdiagnosed? Findings from a new study in Germany

Is ADHD over­diag­nosed? Despite wide­spread con­cerns that this occurs, a study that specif­i­cal­ly address­es this issue has not been con­duct­ed in the US. Thus, although it is well estab­lished that many chil­dren with ADHD are nev­er iden­ti­fied or treat­ed, the extent to which chil­dren are incor­rect­ly diag­nosed with ADHD is not known. Read the rest of this entry »

Rethinking the Classification of Mental Illness

The new Diag­nos­tic and Sta­tis­ti­cal Man­u­al of Men­tal Dis­or­ders (DSM-5) is sched­uled to be released in May 2013. This recent Dana Foun­da­tion arti­cle points out the need of a fun­da­men­tal­ly dif­fer­ent approach based on the new ways researchers use to study and under­stand men­tal ill­ness.

The prob­lem with the DSM-IV, our cur­rent shared diag­nos­tic lan­guage, is that a large and grow­ing body of evi­dence demon­strates that it does a poor job of cap­tur­ing either clin­i­cal and bio­log­i­cal real­i­ties. In the clin­ic, the lim­i­ta­tions of the cur­rent DSM-IV approach can be illus­trat­ed in three salient areas: (1) the prob­lem of comor­bid­i­ty, (2) the wide­spread need for “not oth­er­wise spe­cif­ic (NOS)” diag­noses, and (3) the arbi­trari­ness of diag­nos­tic thresh­olds.

What­ev­er the ulti­mate approach to the DSM-5, it is crit­i­cal that the sci­en­tif­ic com­mu­ni­ty escape the arti­fi­cial diag­nos­tic silos that con­trol so much research, ulti­mate­ly to our detri­ment.

Key ques­tions: How can we give the research com­mu­ni­ty not only per­mis­sion but also encour­age­ment to rethink the clas­si­fi­ca­tion of psy­chopathol­o­gy? How can we encour­age sci­en­tif­ic inno­va­tion while ensur­ing that clin­i­cians can still com­mu­ni­cate with patients and families—and also with insur­ance com­pa­nies, schools, and courts?

Neurofeedback/ Quantitative EEG for ADHD diagnosis

Like all psy­chi­atric dis­or­ders, ADHD is diag­nosed based on the pres­ence of par­tic­u­lar behav­ioral symp­toms that are judged to cause sig­nif­i­cant impair­ment in an individual’s func­tion­ing, and not on the results of a spe­cif­ic test. In fact, recent­ly pub­lished ADHD eval­u­a­tion guide­lines from the Amer­i­can Acad­e­my of Pedi­atrics (AAP) explic­it­ly state that no par­tic­u­lar diag­nos­tic test should be rou­tine­ly used when eval­u­at­ing a child for ADHD.

While most ADHD experts would agree that no sin­gle test could or should be used in iso­la­tion to diag­nose ADHD, there are sev­er­al impor­tant rea­sons why the avail­abil­i­ty of an accu­rate objec­tive test would be use­ful.

First, many chil­dren do not receive a care­ful and com­pre­hen­sive assess­ment for ADHD but are instead diag­nosed with based on eval­u­a­tion pro­ce­dures that are far from opti­mal.

Sec­ond, although AAP guide­lines indi­cate that spe­cif­ic diag­nos­tic tests should not be rou­tine­ly used, many par­ents are con­cerned about the lack of objec­tive pro­ce­dures in their child’s eval­u­a­tion. In fact, many fam­i­lies do not pur­sue treat­ment for ADHD because the the absence of objec­tive eval­u­a­tion pro­ce­dures leads them to ques­tion the diag­no­sis. You can read a review of an inter­est­ing study on this issue at

For these rea­sons an accu­rate and objec­tive diag­nos­tic test for ADHD could be of val­ue in many clin­i­cal sit­u­a­tions. Two impor­tant con­di­tions would have to be met for such a test to be use­ful.

First, it would have to be high­ly sen­si­tive to Read the rest of this entry »

Watch All Recordings Now (40+ Speakers, 12+ Hours)

About SharpBrains

As seen in The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, BBC News, CNN, Reuters and more, SharpBrains is an independent market research firm tracking health and performance applications of brain science.

Follow us and Engage via…

RSS Feed

Search for anything brain-related in our article archives

Enter Your Email to receive Sharp­Brains free, monthly eNewslet­ter:

Join more than 50,000 Sub­scribers and stay informed and engaged.