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Meta-analysis finds sustained benefits of neurofeedback for kids with ADHD

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In neu­ro­feed­back treat­ment for ADHD, indi­vid­u­als learn to alter their typ­i­cal pat­tern of brain­wave activ­i­ty, i.e., EEG activ­i­ty, to one that is con­sis­tent with a focused and atten­tive state.

This is done by col­lect­ing EEG data from indi­vid­u­als as they focus on stim­uli pre­sent­ed on a com­put­er screen. Their abil­i­ty to con­trol the stim­uli, e.g., keep­ing the smile on a smi­ley face keep­ing a video play­ing, depends on their main­tain­ing an EEG state that reflects focused atten­tion.

Over time, most indi­vid­u­als bet­ter at this. Sup­port­ers of neu­ro­feed­back argue that learn­ing to alter EEG activ­i­ty and focus bet­ter dur­ing train­ing even­tu­al­ly gen­er­al­izes to real-world tasks that require strong atten­tion skills, e.g., read­ing, home­work, etc.

Although many experts remain skep­ti­cal of this approach, despite numer­ous sup­port­ive stud­ies, a recent­ly pub­lished meta-analy­sis of neu­ro­feed­back treat­ment pro­vides impor­tant new sup­port. Read the rest of this entry »

Consistent use of ADHD medication may stunt growth by 2 inches, large study finds

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The Mul­ti­modal Treat­ment Study of ADHD (MTA Study) is the largest ADHD treat­ment study ever con­duct­ed — near­ly 600 7–9-year-old chil­dren with ADHD were ran­dom­ly assigned to one of four inter­ven­tions:

1) Care­ful­ly mon­i­tored med­ica­tion treat­ment;

2) Inten­sive behav­ior ther­a­py;

3) Med­ica­tion Treat­ment com­bined with Behav­ior Ther­a­py; or

4) Com­mu­ni­ty Care (par­ents obtained what­ev­er treat­ment they desired).

After 14 months, results indi­cat­ed that Read the rest of this entry »

Study: Don’t overlook sleep difficulties in children with ADHD; they may impair functioning as much as ADHD itself

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Prob­lems with sleep are com­mon in chil­dren with ADHD; in fact, past stud­ies indi­cate that sleep prob­lems occur in between 70 and 85%. Because of this, the Amer­i­can Acad­e­my of Pedi­atrics rec­om­mends that sleep dif­fi­cul­ties should be assessed as part of a com­pre­hen­sive ADHD eval­u­a­tion. In some chil­dren, sig­nif­i­cant sleep dif­fi­cul­ties may be an impor­tant con­trib­u­tor to appar­ent ADHD symp­toms, and could con­tribute to a child being incor­rect­ly diag­nosed. For exam­ple, Read the rest of this entry »

How children’s ADHD symptoms affect parents’ feelings & parenting behavior

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ADHD in chil­dren puts stress on par­ents. In fact, par­ents of chil­dren with ADHD report greater par­ent­ing stress, less sat­is­fac­tion in their par­ent­ing role, and more depres­sive symp­toms than oth­er par­ents. They also report more neg­a­tive inter­ac­tions with their child. This is cer­tain­ly not true in all fam­i­lies where a child has ADHD but instead reflects aver­age dif­fer­ences that have been found.

How do ADHD symp­toms in chil­dren affect par­ents’ feel­ings about par­ent­ing and their behav­ior toward their child? Read the rest of this entry »

Study: EEG-augmented brain training shows promise as first-line treatment for ADHD

Atentiv_System_PrototypeNov­el Brain Train­ing Game May Reduce Kids’ ADHD Symp­toms (Med­space):

A nov­el cog­ni­tive train­ing com­put­er game that uses a child’s own brain waves to improve con­cen­tra­tion may reduce symp­toms of atten­tion-deficit/hy­per­ac­tiv­i­ty dis­or­der (ADHD), say US researchers.

Inves­ti­ga­tors used a nov­el feed-for­ward mod­el­ing (FFM) sys­tem, which…is based on a com­put­er cog­ni­tive train­ing game in which atten­tion is required to move an avatar through the game. The game was cal­i­brat­ed using an elec­troen­cephalo­gram (EEG) head­band with three frontal sen­sors to cre­ate a mod­el of atten­tion and inat­ten­tion states. Read the rest of this entry »

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