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Study: Don’t overlook sleep difficulties in children with ADHD; they may impair functioning as much as ADHD itself

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Problems with sleep are common in children with ADHD; in fact, past studies indicate that sleep problems occur in between 70 and 85%. Because of this, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that sleep difficulties should be assessed as part of a comprehensive ADHD evaluation. In some children, significant sleep difficulties may be an important contributor to apparent ADHD symptoms, and could contribute to a child being incorrectly diagnosed. For example, Read the rest of this entry »

How children’s ADHD symptoms affect parents’ feelings & parenting behavior

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ADHD in children puts stress on parents. In fact, parents of children with ADHD report greater parenting stress, less satisfaction in their parenting role, and more depressive symptoms than other parents. They also report more negative interactions with their child. This is certainly not true in all families where a child has ADHD but instead reflects average differences that have been found.

How do ADHD symptoms in children affect parents’ feelings about parenting and their behavior toward their child? Read the rest of this entry »

Study: EEG-augmented brain training shows promise as first-line treatment for ADHD

Atentiv_System_PrototypeNovel Brain Training Game May Reduce Kids’ ADHD Symptoms (Medspace):

“A novel cognitive training computer game that uses a child’s own brain waves to improve concentration may reduce symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), say US researchers.

Investigators used a novel feed-forward modeling (FFM) system, which…is based on a computer cognitive training game in which attention is required to move an avatar through the game. The game was calibrated using an electroencephalogram (EEG) headband with three frontal sensors to create a model of attention and inattention states. Read the rest of this entry »

Study: Does Mindfulness Meditation training help adults with ADHD?

MeditationAs awareness of ADHD in adults increases, so do efforts to develop effective treatments for adults that can complement, or substitute for, medication. One promising treatment is mindfulness meditation training. Read the rest of this entry »

New Study Supports Neurofeedback Treatment for ADHD

Neurofeedback – also known as EEG Biofeedback – is an approach for treating ADHD in which individuals are provided real-time feedback on their brainwave patterns and taught to alter their typical EEG pattern to one that is consistent with a focused, attentive state. This is typically done by collecting EEG data from individuals as they focus on stimuli presented on a computer screen. Their ability to control the stimuli, for example, keeping the smile on a smiley face, is contingent on maintaining the particular EEG state being trained. According to neurofeedback proponents, learning how to do this during training generalizes to real world situations and this results in improved attention and reduced hyperactive/impulsive behavior.

Neurofeedback treatment for ADHD has been controversial in the field for many years and remains so today. Although a number of published studies have reported positive results many prominent ADHD researchers believe that problems with the design of these studies preclude concluding that neurofeedback is an effective treatment. These limitations have included the absence of random assignment, the lack of appropriate control groups, raters who are not ‘blind’ to children’s treatment status, and small samples. For additional background, you can find a recent review I wrote on existing research support for neurofeedback treatment of ADHD – along with links to extensive reviews of several recently published studies -: How Strong is the Research Support for Neurofeedback in Attention Deficits?

– Results from a New Study of Neurofeedback –

Recently, a study of neurofeedback treatment for ADHD was published that addresses several limitations that have undermined prior research [Gevensleben, et al., (2009). Is neurofeedback an efficacious treatment for ADHD? A randomized controlled clinical trial. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.]

The study was conducted in Germany and began with 102 children aged 8 to 12. All had been carefully diagnosed with ADHD and approximately over 90% had never received medication treatment. About 80% were boys. Children were randomly assigned to Read the rest of this entry »

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