Early intervention for children with or at high risk for cerebral palsy should begin “as soon as possible” in order to build on “a critical developmental time,” according to results of a systematic review published in JAMA Pediatrics. [Read more…] about Systematic review calls for early targeted interventions to help babies and toddlers with cerebral palsy harness time window with maximum brain plasticity
Epigenetic Changes Guide Development of Different Brain Regions (Dana Foundation):
“It’s one of the greatest standing mysteries in neuroscience: Given that each cell in the human body contains the same DNA, how, exactly, does the brain develop into distinct functional regions, supported by different cell types? And how might that developmental program go awry, resulting in neurodevelopmental disorders like schizophrenia or autism? The answers may be the epigenome [Read more…] about Epigenetics research opens potential door to prevent neurodevelopmental disorders
As is increasingly evident, there are multiple methods aimed at enhancing brain function.
Brain training and mindfulness practices are commonly used. Substance-based methods are popular too, including hallucinogens in the form of plant extracts, and drugs. Same as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS): All of these are promising but have been challenged — for example, the reproducibility of electrical-based stimulation results is increasingly questioned. [Read more…] about Photobiomodulation: A new and promising way to enhance brain function
“Researchers have used brain scans and artificial intelligence to spot differences in how key areas of infant brains synchronise, allowing them to accurately predict which babies would develop autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as a toddler…The research, led by scientists from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Washington University, comes hot on the heels of an earlier study that used two scans taken at 6 and 12 months to make a similar prediction.
Not only has this new method reduced the number of scans required to make the [Read more…] about Study combines neuroimaging with machine learning to predict, with 96% accuracy, whether high-risk 6‑month-old babies will develop autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by age 2
Most children with ADHD receive their care from community-based pediatricians. Given the large number of school-age children who require evaluation and treatment services for ADHD, and the adverse impact that poor quality care can have on children’s development, it is important for children to routinely receive care in the community that is consistent with best-practice guidelines.
The American Academy of Pediatrics has clearly recognized this and published guidelines for [Read more…] about Study finds large gaps between research and practice in ADHD diagnosis and treatment
The American Psychiatric Association recently published DSM‑V, the first major revision to the diagnostic manual for psychiatric disorders since 1994. In DSM‑V, ADHD is included in the section on Neurodevelopmental Disorders, rather than being grouped with the disruptive behavior disorders, i.e., Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder. This change better reflects the way ADHD is currently conceptualized.
Below I review changes that have been made to the actual diagnostic criteria for ADHD. [Read more…] about Sensible and perplexing changes in ADHD diagnostic criteria (DSM‑V)