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Treating sleep-related breathing conditions–such as sleep apnea–via EEG brainwave analysis: Key neurotechnology patent #28

sleep-disordered breathing

– Illus­tra­tive image from U.S. Patent No. 7,190,995

Today we dis­cuss a 2007 patent assigned to Regents of the Uni­ver­si­ty of Michi­gan, the NIH and the US Dep­tart­ment of Health and Human Ser­vices.

U.S. Patent No. 7,190,995: Sys­tem and method for analy­sis of res­pi­ra­to­ry cycle-relat­ed EEG changes in sleep-dis­or­dered breath­ing

  • Assignee(s): Regents of the Uni­ver­si­ty of Michi­gan; NIH and U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Ser­vices
  • Inventor(s): Ronald D. Chervin, Joseph W. Burns, Niko­las S. Sub­ot­ic, Christo­pher Rous­si
  • Tech­nol­o­gy Cat­e­go­ry: EEG
  • Issue Date: March 13, 2007

SharpBrains’ Take:

The ‘995 patent applies EEG tech­nol­o­gy to mea­sur­ing a rel­e­vant fea­ture to every­one’s life: breath­ing. Specif­i­cal­ly, the res­pi­ra­to­ry mea­sure­ment cycle may be used to treat sleep-relat­ed breath­ing con­di­tions such as sleep apnea, hypop­nea and sleep frag­men­ta­tion. The dif­fer­ence in pow­er of the EEG sig­nal is used to cal­cu­late res­pi­ra­to­ry cycles at var­i­ous brain wave fre­quen­cies (e.g., alpha, delta, etc.) and used to infer breath­ing prob­lems or treat­ments to pro­mote health­i­er sleep­ing pat­terns. The ‘995 patent recites 40 claims with many of the depen­dent claims encom­pass­ing var­i­ous embod­i­ments towards mea­sur­ing and clas­si­fy­ing res­pi­ra­to­ry cycle fea­tures. Despite a poten­tial com­pet­i­tive design-around by using an EEG fea­ture oth­er than pow­er for cycli­cal res­pi­ra­to­ry assess­ments, the numer­ous and broad claim cov­er­age of an EEG appli­ca­tion to sleep and breath­ing result of the ‘995 patent result con­tribute its assess­ment as a key non-inva­sive neu­rotech­nol­o­gy patent.

Abstract:

A sys­tem and method for deter­min­ing res­pi­ra­to­ry cycle-relat­ed EEG changes (RCREC) for a sub­ject with sleep-dis­or­dered breath­ing are pro­vid­ed. The method includes receiv­ing an EEG sig­nal from the sub­ject using at least one sen­sor, and defin­ing at least two res­pi­ra­to­ry cycle seg­ments with­in each res­pi­ra­to­ry cycle. The method fur­ther includes deter­min­ing an EEG pow­er of the EEG sig­nal dur­ing each of the at least two res­pi­ra­to­ry cycle seg­ments, and deter­min­ing RCREC by cal­cu­lat­ing a dif­fer­ence between a max­i­mum EEG seg­ment pow­er and a min­i­mum EEG seg­ment pow­er.

Illus­tra­tive Claim 38. A com­put­er read­able medi­um for deter­min­ing res­pi­ra­to­ry cycle-relat­ed EEG changes (RCREC) in a sub­ject, the medi­um com­pris­ing:

  • com­put­er read­able instruc­tions for deter­min­ing an EEG pow­er of a received EEG sig­nal for a plu­ral­i­ty of res­pi­ra­to­ry cycle seg­ments, and deter­min­ing RCREC by cal­cu­lat­ing a dif­fer­ence between a max­i­mum EEG seg­ment pow­er and a min­i­mum EEG seg­ment pow­er.

To learn more about mar­ket data, trends and lead­ing com­pa­nies in the dig­i­tal brain health space –dig­i­tal plat­forms for brain/ cog­ni­tive assess­ment, mon­i­tor­ing and enhance­ment– check out this mar­ket report. To learn more about our analy­sis of 10,000+ patent fil­ings, check out this IP & inno­va­tion neu­rotech report.

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Categories: Cognitive Neuroscience, Health & Wellness, Technology

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As seen in The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, BBC News, CNN, Reuters,  SharpBrains is an independent market research firm tracking how brain science can improve our health and our lives.

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