Sharp Brains: Brain Fitness and Cognitive Health News

Neuroplasticity, Brain Fitness and Cognitive Health News

Icon

Study: Use of methylphenidate-based ADHD medication increases the risk of heart problems

Methylphenidate_pillsADHD med­ica­tion enhances the risk of heart prob­lems in chil­dren (Sci­ence Nordic):

The risk of devel­op­ing heart prob­lems is twice as big for chil­dren tak­ing med­i­cine for Atten­tion Deficit-Hyper­ac­tiv­i­ty Dis­or­der (ADHD) when com­pared to chil­dren not receiv­ing the medicine…The study builds on data from 714,000 chil­dren born in 1990–1999…The study cov­ered near­ly all types of ADHD med­i­cine. Methylphenidate-based med­ica­tions account for 98 per cent of treat­ments. This group of med­ica­tion is sold under the brands Con­cer­ta, Methylin, Rital­in, Equasym XL, Mot­iron and Medikinet…

To make sure that the mea­sured dif­fer­ence was not due to the dis­or­der itself, the sci­en­tists com­pared chil­dren with ADHD diag­no­sis, who were receiv­ing med­i­cine, with oth­er ADHD diag­nosed chil­dren, who were not receiv­ing medicine.??The sci­en­tists found, that the haz­ard ratio for chil­dren receiv­ing ADHD med­i­cine was 120 per cent high­er, than chil­dren not get­ting med­i­cine…

Tine Houmann empha­sis­es that doc­tors and par­ents should not be scared of results like those pub­lished in the study. “It is impor­tant that we do not become so afraid of rare side effects that we do not give med­i­cine to chil­dren with ADHD. Because the prob­lems and risks con­nect­ed to unmed­icat­ed ADHD are severe. It can lead to addic­tion, crime and devel­op­ing psy­chi­atric diseases”…Søren Dals­gaard believes that his study con­firms that doc­tors must think twice when pre­scrib­ing ADHD med­i­cine.”

Study: Car­dio­vas­cu­lar Safe­ty of Stim­u­lants in Chil­dren with Atten­tion-Deficit/Hy­per­ac­tiv­i­ty Dis­or­der: A Nation­wide Prospec­tive Cohort Study (Jour­nal of Child and Ado­les­cent Psy­chophar­ma­col­o­gy)

  • Abstract: The pur­pose of this study was to deter­mine whether stim­u­lant users are at high­er risk of a lat­er car­dio­vas­cu­lar event than are non-users, exam­in­ing this asso­ci­a­tion in both a nation­al cohort and a pop­u­la­tion-based sam­ple of chil­dren and ado­les­cents diag­nosed with atten­tion-deficit/hy­per­ac­tiv­i­ty dis­or­der (ADHD)…We con­duct­ed a lon­gi­tu­di­nal, prospec­tive cohort study of all chil­dren born in Den­mark between 1990 and 1999. With­in this cohort, chil­dren with ADHD were iden­ti­fied. Data from nation­al health reg­is­ters on psy­chi­atric and somat­ic diag­noses, stim­u­lant pre­scrip­tions, car­dio­vas­cu­lar risk fac­tors, pre- and peri­na­tal and sociode­mo­graph­ic covari­ates in all chil­dren and their par­ents were merged, using the unique per­son­al iden­ti­fi­ca­tion number…Results: In the total pop­u­la­tion (n=714,258 con­tribut­ing a total of 6,767,982 per­son-years) use of stim­u­lants increased the risk of a car­dio­vas­cu­lar event. In chil­dren with ADHD (n=8300) stim­u­lant treat­ment also increased the risk of a car­dio­vas­cu­lar event…with a com­plex time-depen­dent dose-response relationship…Cardiovascular events were rare but twice as like­ly in stim­u­lant users as in non-users, both in the total nation­al pop­u­la­tion and in chil­dren with ADHD.

Relat­ed arti­cles:

Leave a Reply...

Loading Facebook Comments ...

Leave a Reply

Categories: Attention and ADD/ADHD, Health & Wellness

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , ,

About SharpBrains

As seen in The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, BBC News, CNN, Reuters,  SharpBrains is an independent market research firm tracking how brain science can improve our health and our lives.

Search in our archives

Follow us and Engage via…

twitter_logo_header
RSS Feed

Watch All Recordings Now (40+ Speakers, 12+ Hours)