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10 Brain Tips To Teach and Learn

My nat­ur­al rhythms are in cycle with the school cal­en­dar. Jan­u­ary 1st takes a back seat to my new year, which gets ush­ered in with the month of Sep­tem­ber when there is crisp­ness in the air that grad­u­al­ly shakes off the slow­er, more relaxed pace of summer.Conveniently, my career in teach­ing mesh­es with my nat­ur­al cycli­cal year. And as this year draws to a close, I am re-ener­gized by the pace of sum­mer, know­ing that any­thing may pop in to my mind as I engage in activ­i­ties not direct­ly relat­ed to school. But before that hap­pens, I’d like to reflect on this past year, in par­tic­u­lar as it was my first year of blog­ging about the brain.

My inter­est in the brain stems from want­i­ng to bet­ter under­stand both how to make school more palat­able for stu­dents, and pro­fes­sion­al devel­op­ment more mean­ing­ful for fac­ul­ty. To that end, I began my Neu­rons Fir­ing blog in April, 2007, have been doing a lot of read­ing, and been attend­ing work­shops and con­fer­ences, includ­ing Learn­ing & the Brain.

If you agree that our brains are designed for learn­ing, then as edu­ca­tors it is incum­bent upon us to be look­ing for ways to max­i­mize the learn­ing process for each of our stu­dents, as well as for our­selves. Some of what fol­lows is sim­ply com­mon sense, but I’ve learned that all of it has a sci­en­tif­ic basis in our brains.

1. Review and 2. Reflec­tion are two means for think­ing about what is being learned. Review can be done in the moments after a ques­tion is posed, a com­ment is made, a pas­sage is read, an activ­i­ty is done, or direc­tions are giv­en, pro­vid­ing ample time to think about what has tak­en place, process the infor­ma­tion and respond accord­ing­ly. Review is also what should be done peri­od­i­cal­ly over the course of the year, so that stu­dents have the oppor­tu­ni­ty to revis­it, relearn, clar­i­fy and con­sol­i­date their learn­ing to mem­o­ry. Mar­ilee Sprenger, based upon research by Jeb Schenck, notes that “spac­ing reviews through­out the learn­ing and increas­ing the time between them grad­u­al­ly allows long-term net­works to be strength­ened… the tim­ing between repeat­ed reviews can sig­nif­i­cant­ly affect how much infor­ma­tion is retained.

Reflec­tion encom­pass­es not only a response to actu­al mate­r­i­al but also think­ing about how one learns. It is

3. Metacog­ni­tion, and with each iter­a­tion you learn more about your­self as a learn­er. We empow­er our stu­dents and our­selves when we take the time for reflec­tion, because the more we under­stand about how we each learn, the bet­ter we can become at learn­ing. Accord­ing to Sprenger, “Metacog­ni­tion involves two phas­es. The first is knowl­edge about cog­ni­tion or think­ing about our think­ing. The sec­ond is mon­i­tor­ing and reg­u­lat­ing cog­ni­tive process­es.

For me, blog­ging has been a con­tin­u­al process of review and reflec­tion. In the course of over 170 posts to date, I con­tin­u­al­ly revis­it top­ics, make con­nec­tions, and write about my own course of learn­ing. As teach­ers, ide­al­ly we should be review­ing and reflect­ing on lessons, course mate­ri­als, and inter­ac­tions with stu­dents, both as a means of improv­ing them as well as learn­ing from what worked or did not work.

4. Sleep is anoth­er way to con­sol­i­date learn­ing, which is one rea­son get­ting a full night of unin­ter­rupt­ed sleep is impor­tant. Of course, doing so also helps us the next day to have more ener­gy and patience, which then helps us with our atten­tion con­trol. In fact, cou­ple suf­fi­cient sleep with wak­ing up to a healthy break­fast, and you are pre­pared to tack­le the day.

Prop­er 5. Nutri­tion keeps our sys­tems func­tion­ing clos­er to their peak by sta­bi­liz­ing var­i­ous lev­els of hor­mones and chem­i­cals. All of this holds equal­ly true for stu­dents as well as teach­ers!

We all have our own life sto­ries, and being exposed to some­thing new tends to stick bet­ter if we have some­thing else to asso­ciate it with or if it is suf­fi­cient­ly unusu­al that it stands out on its own.

Tak­ing advan­tage of stu­dent 6. Pri­or Knowl­edge prob­a­bly requires min­i­mal effort on the part of the teacher, but yields big returns by engag­ing stu­dent inter­est as stu­dents con­sid­er new infor­ma­tion as it per­tains to them and their expe­ri­ences.

This, in turn, can 7. Engage Emo­tions, which is the largest hook into learn­ing. We all tend to remem­ber things that get our blood boil­ing for bet­ter or for worse. The parts of the brain engaged in emo­tions include the small yet mighty amyg­dala, the hip­pocam­pus and the hypo­thal­a­mus.

Keep read­ing

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4 Responses

  1. Gabrielle says:

    Some very good points there, par­tic­ual­ly no. 6.

  2. Garrett says:

    Great arti­cle. Thanks for the inspi­ra­tion. I can cer­tain­ly enhance my work with your sug­ges­tions…

    Keep it up

    -G

  3. Patti Cole says:

    Hi Lau­rie

    Great to read your essay.……I incor­po­rate these ideas into my Eng­lish Lit and Writ­ing Class­es. Got­ta love my job!!! Thanks for your essay. Pat­ti

  4. Deborah says:

    These have been demon­strat­ed to pos­i­tive­ly effect stu­dent change in the class­room. In a co-teach­ing sit­u­a­tion, the tag team approach would keep the stu­dents on their toes and enable the teach­ers to manuev­er from one top­ic to the next with­out much lag time.

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